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DeBaun Center for the Performing Arts Our mission is to provide a comprehensive performing arts program for Stevens students that it may support and enhance their education at Stevens through hands-on experiences in the performing arts.
At Stevens, the belief is that an international experience can help individuals develop cultural awareness and broaden their perspectives. Stevens offers its students diverse opportunities for study abroad such as traditional, established programs, as well as short term opportunities. Contact Study Abroad for more information.
STEVENS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
STEVENS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MISSION STATEMENT
To inspire, nurture and educate leaders in tomorrow’s technology-centric environment while contributing to the solution of the most challenging problems of our time.
The Institutional Vision
Stevens will become a premier student-centric technological research university, focusing on areas of true societal need where Stevens possesses significant depth and expertise across multiple disciplines: Healthcare and Medicine; Sustainable Energy; Financial Systems; Defense and Security; and STEM Education. As our education and research capacity grows in these areas, so will our influence.
Four strategic priorities will enable us to make a far-reaching impact.
Student Centricity: Stevens will create a new paradigm that elegantly combines stellar learning opportunities and trailblazing research as inseparable components of a 21st-century education.
Excellence In All We Do: Stevens will create a pervasive culture of excellence that will serve as a model for our partners and our students throughout their lives.
Through Collaboration, Impact: We will build a culture in which our strengths meld with and enhance those of synergistic and complementary collaborators. Together we will produce novel research, create visionary education programs, and influence policy and the national agenda, enhancing the perspective of our students and the international reach and reputation of Stevens.
Technology At Our Core: Our heritage is built on technology, from the transportation technology pioneered by the Stevens family to the countless technology-based companies launched and led by our alumni to the technological advancements created by our faculty researchers. Just as technology is our past, so it will differentiate us in the future, offering a distinctive educational experience to our students, driving our research and scholarship, leading us to devise novel teaching and learning methods, and enhancing our administrative, outreach, and communication activities.
Office of the Undergraduate Student Life
Stevens Institute of Technology
Castle Point on Hudson
Hoboken, NJ 07030
It is with great pleasure that we welcome you to Stevens Institute of Technology. Your selection of a private engineering and science institute such as Stevens will provide benefits not available at many other schools. Close interactions, between professors and students, allows for greater academic and social development.
The extent of your development at Stevens will depend on your active participation in campus activities. Awaiting you here at Stevens, are many new and exciting challenges and almost 100 clubs and activities from which to choose. The variety of activities is diverse enough that we are confident you will find one or more that you will enjoy.
Our hope is that all of you will have a very successful four years here at Stevens. I urge you to define success in terms of academic progress, personal interactions, professional and career development, and extracurricular activities, since these are the components of a well-rounded student life. This handbook contains information on those components, as well as data on the community in which you live. We believe it will help you throughout your stay here.
Students are the reason for the college's existence, and providing direct services to you is the main function of many Institute offices. Meeting your educational needs is important to all of us. Our staff looks forward to early and continuing contact and it is our aim to provide counsel and support.
Best wishes for a wonderful Institute experience.
Dean of Student Life
History and Traditions
A Brief History of Stevens and The Castle
In 1870, Stevens Institute of Technology was founded with a bequest from Edwin Augustus Stevens to establish a school of Mechanical Engineering based on scientific principles. The school stood on the edge of the family estate at Castle Point in Hoboken. The lithograph on the wall of the Stevens library shows a stately Victorian mansion, Castle Stevens, standing on the spot where the Wesley J. Howe Center is today. The Stevens family then owned most of present day Hoboken and a large part of northern New Jersey. In the 1800's, Hoboken was a popular summer resort for wealthy New Yorkers. They would take advantage of the ferry service begun by Col. John Stevens to spend an afternoon walking in the Elysian Fields. Local attractions also included Sybil's Cave, just north of Castle Point, where visitors could drink cold spring water that dripped from the walls, or a ride on the Stevens Steam Engine, which ran on a circular track at the south end of town. The Castle was also a prime Hoboken attraction, with its cantilevered walnut staircase in the main hallway, which rose in a semicircle from one floor to the next with no visible means of support. It was considered aesthetically pleasing and a work of engineering genius one example of why the Castle is considered by some as the roots of Stevens Institute. From 1911 until its demolition, the Castle served as a Residence and housed several administrative offices. It is survived by a few myths and legends particularly ghost stories. The well-known ghost, Jan of Rotterdam, was once a resident of Hoboken, whose life was cut short by an Indian raid. He is reputed to roam Castle Point on windy March nights looking for his missing scalp. Rumor also has it that three tunnels, used for the purposes of the Underground Railroad exist under the Point.
Today, the Center stands where the Castle once stood, but time has changed more than the landscape. Stevens now provides at the undergraduate level a well-rounded engineering program as well as comprehensive programs in Science, Computer Science, and Humanities. On the graduate level, about 20 programs lead to masters and doctoral degrees. For over 125 years Stevens has offered its traditional programs and is moving into new and exciting areas of modern technological education and research. The Stevens family would no doubt approve.
The Stevens Seal, Colors and Song
Edwin Augustus Stevens, the founder of the Institute is on the Stevens Seal. The Latin motto "Per aspera ad astra" means "Through adversity to the stars." The school colors are cardinal red and silver gray. The official nickname of Stevens is "The Stute," though it is also referred to as "The Old Stone Mill" or "The Mill." The official mascot is Attila the Duck. Stevens has its own songs and two of the most common are "Alma Mater" and "The Old Stone Mill," our fight song.
Where flows the Hudson River out to the mighty sea. On Castle Point so proudly stands there in majesty. Stevens, our Alma Mater, homage to Thee we pay. With loyal hearts and voices true to the Red and Gray. Though years our path may sever and best of friends may part, We'll ne'er forget fond memories treasured within our hearts. Our thoughts will turn to Stevens and with our comrades be Stevens, fair Alma Mater loyal and true to Thee.
The Old Stone Mill
There's an Institute of engineering That is known as the Old Stone Mill; Every part of it is dear To a Stevens Engineer From the shop to the Castle on the hill; And where her sons and daughters gather And you bet your life they'll say: "The Engineers the Engineers Are in the lead again today." Stevens, we're true to you And to the old Red and Gray; Stevens, we're going to raise Your colors high today. "I'm a rambling wreck from Stevens Tech. A mechanical engineer"-We can hear the old song still, And it means we're going to fight, fight, fight, For the Old Stone Mill.
Student Help and Emergency Services
Policies and Procedures for Preserving Academic Freedom
Experience of the academic world indicates the desirability of reducing to writing the principles and policies relating to on-campus expressions of opinions or demonstrations. The following are set forth in the interest of ensuring due consideration of the privileges and obligations of all members of the Stevens community, undergraduate, graduate, faculty and staff:
The President, or his designated representative, has the responsibility for the administration of these principles and policies.
- Academic freedom is an essential ingredient of institutions of higher education. This freedom must be exercised within the restraint that freedom of any one individual must not intrude upon or limit the freedom of others. Coercion in any form is not acceptable.
- Full and open communication of points of view is welcome. For this reason there exist many channels and many forums on campus. All members of the Stevens community are expected to use these established channels to promote ideas, air grievances, and effect changes.
- Peaceful demonstrations or similar actions will be allowed on the Stevens campus by Stevens personnel provided:
a. Such actions do not interfere with the normal operations and activities of the Institute.
b. Vile or offensive language is not used, either in oral or written form.
c. There is no harassment of individuals, either of a physical or oral nature.
d. There is no impairment or destruction of property.
- Requests by student organizations or individual students for the use of Stevens property must go through the Student Government Association for approval. Similar requests from faculty or staff members are to be sent directly to the Wesley J. Howe Center Office with the approval of the appropriate department head.
- If an incident arises in violation of the above stated principles and policies, those participating will be asked to cease and desist their actions or leave the premises. Upon their failure to comply with the request, the Institute will use appropriate disciplinary actions, including the full resources of the civil authorities to effect such compliance.
- Any member of the Stevens community, student, faculty, or staff involved in a civil or criminal proceeding resulting from participation in a demonstration or incident on campus will be subject to disciplinary action on the part of the Institute to include such serious consequences as suspension or dismissal. Established appeal procedures will apply.
- Non-members of the Stevens community participating in a proscribed demonstration or incident on campus will be considered trespassers and treated accordingly
- Nothing contained in the above policy and procedures is intended or shall be construed to limit or restrict the right of freedom of speech or peaceful assembly by any member of the Stevens community.
Notification of Missing Student Policy
Stevens has implemented a Missing Student Policy to respond to reports of a missing student. Students are under no obligation to notify Stevens of time spent away from their residences; however, a student is defined as “missing” when his/her absence for a period of 24 hours is inconsistent with his/her established patterns of behavior and the deviation cannot be readily explained. Before presuming that a person is missing, reasonable measures will be taken to determine whether or not the person is at their on- or off-campus place of residence, and whether or not anyone familiar with the person has seen or heard from the person or is aware of where they may be. Any member of the Stevens community who is concerned that a student is missing should contact Campus Police immediately at (201) 216.3911. Stevens Campus Police will be responsible for investigating each report of a missing student and for determining whether the student is missing in accordance with this policy.
Each student has the option to identify a confidential contact person or persons who will be notified within 24 hours in the event that a determination is made by Campus Police that the student is missing. This contact may be added by completing the online form available at the Office of Student Life’s website as follows: https://orgsync.com/41943/forms/118887 or by designating a confidential contact for this purpose when completing the online application for student housing. Only authorized campus officials and law enforcement officers acting in furtherance of a missing person investigation may access this information. Campus Police will coordinate with local law enforcement agencies no later than 24 hours after determining that a student is missing.
If the student is determined by Stevens Police to be missing, the Dean of Students will:
- Notify the student’s confidential contact (if one is designated) that the student is missing not later than 24 hours after Campus Police determines that the student is missing.
- Notify the student’s emergency contact person if a confidential contact for this purpose is not designated.
- If the missing student is under 18 years of age, and not an emancipated individual, notify a custodial parent or guardian of the missing student not later than 24 hours after Campus Police determines that the student is missing.
- Inform other Stevens units, as needed, that the student is missing.
- Initiate other actions, as needed, in the best interests of the student.
Safety on Campus and Firearms Policy
Campus Security Police
The primary duty of Campus Security Police is to provide a safe environment in which students can freely pursue academic interests, as well as to safeguard Stevens property. The members of Campus Police are commissioned by the City of Hoboken and have the power of arrest; many have been trained in the New Jersey Police Academy.
A minimum of three officers are on duty 24 hours a day. Security requires that you report all thefts, accidents, or incidents that occur on campus. Besides their normal duties, security officers also provide the following services: regulation of parking on campus; lost and found; and after-hours emergency service including emergency transportation to Hoboken University Medical center. Students are asked to cooperate with Campus Security Police. If you plan a large on-campus activity, please notify Security at least a week in advance. Also, should any suspicious action be observed on campus, notify Campus Security Police immediately so that it may be checked out.
The Campus Security Police may be contacted at the Security Office located in the Gate House or at the Wesley J. Howe Center desk or by telephone 24 hours a day at 216-5105 or 216-5325 or by dialing 3991 on a campus phone.
Students are expected to conduct themselves at all times in a responsible and mature manner. Of course, all members of the Stevens community are expected to abide by the state and local laws. Occasionally the Dean of Students may discipline a student or a group of students who disregard the laws of the land, or rules and regulations of Stevens. Any such action may be appealed to the Non-Academic Committee on Appeals.
Possession of Firearms on the Campus
The New Jersey Legislature, on Sept. 5, 1969, enacted a law prohibiting the possession of firearms by any person while on an Institute campus and making persons violating this act guilty of a high misdemeanor. The only exception will be those persons carrying valid gun permits or identification cards plus written consent from the governing officer of the Institute.
The following is New Jersey Statute R.S. 21:3-2 covering the possession and use of firecrackers, etc. "It shall be unlawful for any person to offer for sale, expose for sale, sell, possess or use, or explode any blank cartridge, toy pistol, toy cannon, toy cane or toy gun in which explosives are used the type of balloon which requires fire underneath to propel the same; firecracker; torpedoes, skyrockets, roman candles, bombs, sparklers or other fireworks of like construction or any fireworks containing nitrates, chlorates, oxalates, sulfides of lead, barium, antimony, arsenic, mercury, nitroglycerine phosphorus or compound containing any of the same or other explosives, or any substance or combination of substances, or article prepared for the purpose of producing a visible or an audible effect by combustion, explosion, deflagration or detonation, other than aviation and railroad signal light flares, except as in this chapter provided."
It is also a violation of a federal statute to transport fireworks interstate.
In Case of Fire
Fire Alarm Evacuation of Stevens Buildings
You should be familiar with the location of your buildings nearest evacuation route, and the location of alarm boxes. In the event of a fire, follow these instructions:
a) Keep calm. If a fire occurs in your vicinity, pull the nearest alarm box and call the Center Desk at 216-5105.
b) Walk quickly to the nearest stairwell exit and leave the building. Do not run. Do not use the elevator. Do not stop to gather any personal items.
c) Assist any visitors in the area to the evacuation route.
d) In the event smoke or excessive heat is encountered in one stairwell, cross to the other stairwell and continue your descent.
e) If the exits are blocked, seek a temporary refuge behind a closed door. Pick a room with windows that open. If possible, open a window at the top and bottom. You can breathe at the lower opening and smoke and heat will escape at the top. Summon help by phone and/or by shouting and waving out the window. f) Please do not try to fight the fire before sounding the alarm and notifying the Center Desk. If someone is with you, one of you may fight a small fire while the other sounds the alarm. But remember, it is better to leave than to be trapped or overcome by smoke. Remember, sound the alarm immediately. All big fires started small. Keep calm. Remember: Know your evacuation route and alternate routes; know the location of alarm boxes and/or nearest telephone; report all fires immediately. All fires were small at their start! Don't use the elevators. Many fatalities have resulted from someone being trapped in an elevator. Keep calm!
Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention Policy
GOALS OF THE POLICY
Stevens Community members are its most valuable resource and their health and safety are matters of serious concern. The abuse of drugs and alcohol is potentially a grave danger to the college and its educational mission, and to the well-being of the community as a whole. Because of our concern for the health and safety of our students and employees, our desire for an efficient and effective workforce, and our intent to comply with applicable federal, state, and local laws regarding substance abuse, the college has formulated the following policy.
Stevens is committed to a drug-free environment in accordance with current statutory provisions. Unlawful manufacture, possession, distribution, dispensation, sale, or use of controlled substances (illegal drugs) on the campus is prohibited and will not be tolerated. Alcoholic beverages cannot be brought into or consumed on the premises, except in connection with authorized college events and in accordance with stated University policies. The Institute strictly enforces these policies. Violators are subject to college sanctions up to and including dismissal, and/or arrest and prosecution.
POLICY ON DRUGS AND ALCOHOL
Stevens is not a dry campus. The possession, sale, use, or distribution of alcoholic beverages by individuals under the age of 21 is prohibited. The possession and use of alcoholic beverages by individuals 21 at events and in their private rooms is permitted. No alcohol may be served at any Stevens function without the prior approval of the Institute. The possession, sale, use, or distribution of illegal drugs or narcotics is a violation of federal law. Illegal sale or distribution of prescription drugs, controlled substances, or other legal drugs is not permitted.
Medicinal Marijuana Usage Information
If you have any questions about the NJ State Law governing Medicinal Marijuana please go to: http://www.state.nj.us/health/medicalmarijuana/qual.shtml.
STANDARDS OF CONDUCT
Stevens is committed to creating and maintaining a campus environment that is free of alcohol and substance abuse and views the abuse of alcohol and legal drugs and the use of illicit drugs as being antithetical to the pursuit of educational excellence and the realization of one's full potential as a student and member of this community. Accordingly, the University takes very seriously its obligation to address the issue of all forms of substance abuse.
We believe that the best way to maintain an appropriate campus environment with respect to drugs and alcohol is through preventive education about the dangers of drug abuse and compassionate attention to the needs of those who may require help with alcohol or other drug-related problems. To that end, the University provides on-campus support programs and services, as well as information about related services that are available in the local community.
Stevens expects that students will conduct themselves in accordance with basic principles of personal responsibility, respect for order, and consideration of the rights of others. Implied in these expectations is the understanding that students are responsible for making their own decisions and accepting the consequences of those decisions. In order to make informed choices about alcohol and other drug use, students should educate themselves about the social, physiological, and psychological consequences of drug use or excessive drinking as well as the policies set forth below.
Stevens must uphold the law and, at the same time, render assistance to students when needed. If a student is found to have violated the Stevens Alcohol and Drug Policy, a formal written complaint should be submitted to the Dean of Students who will follow University judicial procedures in response to the complaint.
Students who violate the Stevens Alcohol and Drug Policy will be subject to disciplinary sanctions. Several factors will be considered when developing and applying sanctions for alcohol or drug violations. These include the seriousness of the violation, the intent of the offender, the effect of the conduct on the college community, and whether the student has violated the Stevens Code of Conduct in the past. Possible sanctions include one or more of the following:
- written reprimand
- mandatory drug and alcohol education
- appropriate community service
- referral and compliance with substance abuse treatment
- parental notification
- restitution to victims
- or any other action the college deems appropriate
The most severe sanctions, loss of on-campus housing, suspension from the University, or expulsion, will be imposed for the most serious violations - offenses that are violent, dangerous, or repeated. If the Dean of Students sees justification for suspension or expulsion from the Institute, the Stevens Judicial Procedures will be followed. Residence hall students should refer to the Office of Residence Life website for policies governing the Residence Halls. If any student or non-student is found selling or distributing illegal drugs or narcotics, he or she will be reported immediately to the legal authorities and will be placed on indefinite suspension or dismissed from Stevens. In the event of loss of residence, suspension, or expulsion, tuition and all other fees are non-refundable.
Summary of Applicable Federal Laws Regarding Drug Offenses and Penalties
21 U.S.C. 844(a)
First conviction: up to one year imprisonment and fined at least $1,000 but not more than $100,000 or both.
After one prior drug conviction: at least 15 days in prison, not to exceed two years and fined at least $2,500 but not more than $250,000 or both.
After two or more prior drug convictions: at least ninety days in prison, not to exceed three years and fined at least $5,000 but not more than $250,000, or both.
Special sentencing provision for possession of crack cocaine: mandatory at least five years in prison, not to exceed twenty years and fined up to $250,000, or both, if: (a) first conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds five grams; (b) second crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds three grams; (c) third or subsequent crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds one gram.
21 U.S.C. 853(a)(2) and 881( a)(7): Forfeiture of personal and real property used to possess or to facilitate possession of a controlled substance if the offense is punishable by more than one year imprisonment.
21 U.S.C. 881(a)(4): Forfeiture of vehicles, boats, aircraft, or any other conveyance used to transport or conceal a controlled substance.
21 U.S.C. 884a: Civil fine of up to $10,000 (pending adoption of final regulations).
21 U.S.C. 883a: Denial of Federal Benefits, such as student loans, grants, contracts, and professional commercial licenses, up to one year for first offense, up to five years for second and subsequent offenses.
18 U.S.C. 922(g): Ineligible to receive or purchase a firearm.
Summary of Applicable New Jersey State and Local Laws Regarding Alcohol Offenses and Penalties
1. Legal Drinking Age
The Legal Drinking Age in the State of New Jersey is twenty-one years of age.
2. Regulation of Sales or Gifts
Title 33 of the New Jersey Statutes makes it unlawful to directly or indirectly sell alcoholic beverages to any person of any age without a license or special permit issued by the New Jersey Alcoholic Beverage Control Commission. " Sale " is construed to include admission charges, the sale of cups, the sale of tickets and/or the acceptance of donations.
N.J.S.A. 2C:33-17 provides that anyone who purposely or knowingly offers or serves or makes available alcoholic beverage to a person under the legal age of consuming alcoholic beverages or entices that person to drink an alcoholic beverage is a disorderly person.
3. Possession/Consumption Laws
N.J.S.A. 2C:33-15 provides for a minimum fine of $500 for any person under the legal drinking age to possess or consume alcoholic beverages in any school, public conveyance or public place. If the offense is committed in a motor vehicle, it also carries a six-month driver's license suspension. In addition, a court may mandate participation in an alcohol education or treatment program.
N.J.S.A. 39:4-51a provides for a minimum $200 fine for any operator or passenger in a motor vehicle found to be in possession of any open container of an alcoholic beverage, regardless of his/her age.
4. Purchase of Alcoholic Beverages
Title 33 of the New Jersey Statutes makes it an offense, punishable by a minimum fine of $500, and mandatory six-month driver's license suspension, for any person to enter a licensed premises with intent to purchase alcoholic beverages for someone under the legal drinking age.
5. Transporting Alcoholic Beverages
Title 33 of the New Jersey Statutes provides for serious penalties, (including the seizure and sale at auction of any motor vehicle involved) for any person who, without a transportation permit issued by the New Jersey State Alcoholic Beverage Control Commission transports, in an automobile within this state, the equivalent of more than five cases of beer or other malt beverages. Specific and lower gallon limits also apply for distilled liquors and wines.
6. Driving While Under the Influence of Intoxicating Liquor or Drugs
N.J.S.A. 39:4-50.14. Operation of Motor Vehicle with at Least 0.01, but Less than 0.08 Percent Blood Alcohol, by Person Under Legal Age to Purchase Alcohol; Penalties
Any person under the legal age to purchase alcoholic beverages who operates a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.01 percent or more, but less than 0.08 percent, by weight of alcohol in their blood, shall forfeit their right to operate a motor vehicle over the highways of this state or shall be prohibited from obtaining a license to operate a motor vehicle in this state for a period of not less than thirty or more than ninety days beginning on the date they become eligible to obtain a license or on the day of conviction, whichever is later, and shall perform community service for a period of not less than fifteen or more than thirty days. In addition, the person shall satisfy the program and fee requirements of an Intoxicated Driver Resource Center or participate in a program of alcohol education and highway safety as prescribed by the Chief Administrator.
N.J.S.A. 39:4-50 et seq . provides for penalties, as outlined below, for any person convicted of operating a motor vehicle anywhere within this State, on public or private property, while under the influence of an alcoholic beverage or any drug (including lawful drugs if the operator's ability to safely operate a motor vehicle is impaired thereby). Any person who permits another to operate a motor vehicle which that person owns or has custody or control over shall be subject to the same penalties.
seven months to one year loss of driving privilege
up to thirty days in jail
twelve to forty-eight hours in an Intoxicated Driver Resource Center
insurance surcharges and other fees
$500 - $1,000 fine
thirty days community service
two year loss of driving privilege
two to ninety days in jail (at least two days a mandatory minimum)
insurance surcharges and other fees
minimum 180 days in jail, reduced no more than 90 days at the discretion of the judge for community service
ten year loss of driving privilege
insurance surcharges and other fees
Refusal to submit to a breathalyzer test:
$250 - $500 fine
six month loss of driving privilege
all surcharges and fees as stipulated by law, plus may still be convicted of drunk driving and be assessed additional penalties as outlined above
$250 - $500 fine
two year loss of driving privilege
all surcharges and fees as stipulated by law
$250 - $500 fine
ten year loss of driving privilege
all surcharges and fees as stipulated by law
Related Statutory Provisions
N.J. Motor Vehicle Law, Title 39, provides for a minimum penalty of $500, ten days in jail, and a one to two year additional suspension for anyone convicted of driving while revoked if that revocation as for an alcohol related conviction.
Summary of Applicable State Laws Regarding Drug Offenses and Penalties
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-3, Leader of Narcotics Trafficking Network, provides penalties for a person found to have acted as an organizer, supervisor, manager or financier of a scheme distributing any Schedule I or II drug.
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-4, Maintaining or Operating a Controlled Dangerous Substance (CDS) Production Facility, provides that such conduct is a first degree crime punishable by imprisonment and fines.
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-5, Manufacturing, Distributing, or Dispensing, provides that such conduct results in imprisonment and fines.
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-6, Using a Juvenile in a Drug Distribution Scheme , provides that such conduct is a second degree crime punishable by imprisonment and fines.
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-7, Drug-Free School Zones, provides that any person who distributes, dispenses, or possesses with intent to distribute a controlled dangerous substance within 1,000 feet of school property is guilty of a crime of the third degree.
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-8, Distribution to Persons Under Eighteen provides that such conduct carries twice the usual term of imprisonment, fines, and penalty.
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-9, Strict Liability for Drug-Induced Death , provides that such a situation is a first degree crime, same as murder, but no intent need be shown, only that death resulted as a result of the use of a drug supplied by the defendant.
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-10, Possession, Use, Being Under the Influence, or Failure to Make Lawful Disposition, provides that such conduct carries penalties of imprisonment and fines. Possession of anabolic steroids is a third degree crime.
N.J.S.A. 2C:35-11, Imitation Controlled Dangerous Substance (CDS), provides that dispensing or distributing a substance falsely purported to be a CDS is a third degree crime, and can carry a fine up to $200,000.
Paraphernalia: Drug paraphernalia is defined " ... all equipment, products, and materials of any kind which are used or intended for use in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, harvesting, manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing, processing, preparing, testing, analyzing, packaging, repackaging, storing, containing, concealing, ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing into the human body a controlled dangerous substance... including... roach clips... bongs... pipes..."
N.J.S.A. 2C:36-2, Use or Possession with Intent to Use, Narcotic Paraphernalia , provides that such conduct carries a disorderly persons offense.
N.J.S.A. 2C:36-3, Distribute, Dispense, Possess with Intent to, Narcotics Paraphernalia, provides that such conduct is a fourth degree crime.
N.J.S.A. 2C:36-4, Advertise to Promote Sale of Narcotics Paraphernalia, provides that such conduct is a fourth degree crime.
N.J.S.A. 2C:36-5, Delivering Paraphernalia to Person Under Eighteen Years, provides that such conduct constitutes a third degree crime.
N.J.S.A. 2C:36-6, Possession or Distribution of Hypodermic Syringe, provides that such conduct constitutes a disorderly persons offense.
Health Risks of Substance Use and Abuse
The use of tobacco, alcohol, and/or other drugs can have negative health implications and can often result in chronic physical ailments and chemical dependency, as well as permanent injury or death. While the specific physical and psychological effects of drug abuse and addiction tend to vary based on the particular substance involved, the general effects of abuse or addiction to any drug can be devastating. Psychologically, intoxication with or withdrawal from a substance can cause everything from euphoria as with alcohol, Ecstasy, or inhalant intoxication, to paranoia with marijuana or steroid intoxication, to severe depression or suicidal thoughts with cocaine or amphetamine withdrawal. In terms of effects on the body, intoxication with a substance can cause physical effects that range from marked sleepiness and slowed breathing as with intoxication with heroin or sedative hypnotic drugs, to the rapid heart rate of cocaine intoxication, or the tremors to seizures of alcohol withdrawal.
What follows is a summary of the health effects and risks associated with various illicit drugs.
Substance Abuse - All students and employees should be aware that the use of tobacco, alcohol, and/or other drugs can have negative health implications and can often result in chronic physical ailments and chemical dependency, as well as permanent injury or death.
Alcoholic Beverages Whether in the form of beer, wine or liquor, alcohol is a mind-altering chemical that has effects similar to barbiturates and narcotics. Alcohol acts as a depressant to the central nervous system. Even though small amounts of alcohol can produce mild relaxation and a feeling of well being, alcohol affects each individual in different ways. Alcohol can cause intoxication, sedation, unconsciousness, or death.
Hangovers are probably the best-known sign of too much alcohol in the body. They are caused by the body's reaction to the toxic, or poisonous, effects of alcohol. Often those effects can occur at very low levels of drinking.
Alcohol consumption causes a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely, increasing the likelihood that the driver will be involved in an accident. Low to moderate doses of alcohol also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including domestic violence and date rape. Moderate to high doses of alcohol cause marked impairments in higher mental functions, severely altering a person’s ability to learn and remember information. Very high doses may cause respiratory depression and death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower doses of alcohol will produce the aforementioned effects.
Repeated use of alcohol can lead to dependence. Sudden cessation of alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal systems, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions. Alcohol withdrawal can be life threatening. Long-term consumption of large quantities of alcohol, particularly when combined with poor nutrition, can also lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and the liver.
Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants have irreversible physical abnormalities and mental retardation. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk of becoming alcoholics.
Here are some facts regarding alcohol poisoning, blood alcohol levels, and binge drinking:
Signs of Alcohol Poisoning:
- Slurred speech
- Incoherent, unresponsive and/or unconscious speech
- Numbness (does not react when pinched)
- Skin becomes pale, blue, cold, and/or clammy
- Breathing becomes irregular, slow or shallow
Steps to Take:
Check for attentiveness (does person respond to her/his name; pinch skin).
Do not leave the person alone.
Turn the person on her/his side to prevent airway blockage if s/he vomits.
Call for help; seek medical attention.
Blood Alcohol Level (BAL)
The first consistent mood or behavioral changes occur when the blood alcohol level (BAL) reaches 0.05%. This level is reached by a 150 lb. person taking two drinks in an hour. The person might feel relaxed and have a sense of well-being. However, the alcohol has already begun to affect their reflexes, vision, coordination, ability to concentrate, judgment, and restraint. This interferes with their ability to operate a car or other machinery safely.
At a BAL of 0.10 - 0.20%, the alcohol further impairs a person's motor functions. Walking and hand and arm coordination are clearly affected. The person is likely to be clumsy. Reaction times increase greatly; that is, the person does not respond to stimuli as quickly. The drug seriously hampers reasoning and judgment. Most states consider a person legally intoxicated when they have a BAL of 0.10%.
At a BAL of 0.30 - 0.40%, alcohol further affects the centers of the brain, which control response to stimuli and understanding. The person is probably in a stupor. Though possibly aware, they will not understand what they hear or see.
A BAL above 0.30% is very dangerous. Alcohol blocks the brain's ability to control breathing and heart beat. This can result in unconsciousness and possible death. A person with a BAL of 0.30% should receive immediate medical care.
Heavy Drinking and Its Social Effects Heavy episodic or "high risk" drinking was first brought to national attention in 1993 by the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study, and has become the focus of extensive media coverage. Defined as five (5) drinks in one drinking session for men (four drinks for women), one or more times in a two week period, binge, or high-risk, drinking is referred to by the Harvard researchers as the most serious health hazard confronting American colleges and universities.
Other Physical Effects
Each year, alcohol is involved in more than half of the auto accidents in the U.S. Even a B.A.L. of 0.03% can impair a person's ability to drive or operate machinery safely.
Any amount of alcoholic consumed while pregnant may cause severe damage to the developing fetus.
Heavy, prolonged or excessive drinking can lead to malnutrition, cancer, psychological problems, miscarriages and infertility in women, impotency and sterility in men.
Liver - 95% of all alcohol is metabolized by the liver. Because clearing alcohol out of the body is a "priority," the other functions of the liver, such as regulating blood glucose levels, is slowed.
Stomach - Alcohol causes a surge in the flow of digestive acids that can irritate the stomach lining. Nausea and vomiting frequently occur, while regular heavy drinking causes ulcers and chronic stomach problems.
Heart - Alcohol makes the heart work harder and less efficiently. Long-term heavy drinking is associated with heart muscle disease, irregular heartbeats and an increased risk of coronary artery disease.
Marijuana - Marijuana is a drug taken to produce a euphoric feeling and a state of relaxation. The short term effects of marijuana include distortion of time perception, increased heart rates, dilation of the blood vessels, and loss of short-term memory. Visual perception and psychomotor skills are also decreased which have adverse effects on driving ability. The effects of long-term use include loss of motivation, chronic bronchitis, decreased lung capacity, and an increased risk of lung cancer. In men, marijuana use has caused lower levels of the sex hormone testosterone, and an increase in abnormal sperm.
Cocaine - Cocaine is a powerful stimulant. The drug's immediate effect is to create a feeling that is often described as euphoric. It creates increased alertness, suppresses appetite and temporarily relieves depression. Studies indicate cocaine's effects on the body and psyche are dangerous and that some damage may be irreversible. The least harmful effects are nosebleeds and nasal erosions that result from irritation of the lining of the nose when the drug is inhaled. Most dangerous are the "coke blues" which are the intense downs that occur, often after a high, and result in the user trying other drugs to relieve the physical and emotional discomfort. There is a strong psychological dependence to cocaine which slowly accumulates as tolerance to the drug builds. Long-term use of cocaine can cause paranoia, sexual dysfunction, and deep depression.
Ecstasy or MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine) - Ecstasy is a stimulant that combines the properties of methamphetamine or "speed" with mind-altering or hallucinogenic properties. It has been billed as the "perfect drug" by users because it can induce enhancing thinking, coordination, and emp